Are you looking for a lucrative business opportunity that needs minimum investment but maximum return? Do you have any interest in poultry farming industry? If you answer yes, then you should engage in quail farming business. It is one of the easy and profitable ventures in this industry to invest in. Starting a quail farming business has many benefits and can provide a high return on your initial investment. This is mostly due to the high demand of quail egg and meat across the globe. In fact, quail eggs are three to four times more nutritious than chicken eggs. It contains significant amount of protein, vitamins and good cholesterol, improving brain functionality, skin texture and hair growth. Quail eggs are beneficial for pregnant women and the patients suffering from anemia.
Some of the benefits of commercial quail farming include:
- Quail birds are small in size compared to other poultry birds and they require low floor space for firming. They are perfect for farming in urban areas.
- Raising quails for commercial purpose is fun and easy and also needs low maintenance. It is not at all labor-intensive.
- They are hardy birds and diseases are not frequent in quails.
- Quail farming business demands low start-up investment but produce generous income.
- Feed consumption of quails is also low in comparison with chickens.
- They will become ready to sell preferably at 5 weeks of age.
- They will get early sexual maturity and within 7 weeks of age they start lying eggs. A quail continues to lay one egg per day.
- Quail eggs and meat both have high nutritional values and are delicious too. Meat has low-fat content thus suited to high blood pressure patients.
- They generally produce approx 300 eggs in the first year of age which is considered as very high growth rate of laying eggs.
Quails are raised commercially for the two reasons-selling quail eggs and meat. It has the potential to generate huge profit within a short period. In order to maximize the income and getting success in quail farming business it is essential to start out with some basic training. It is important to know about quails, their characteristics and how to properly breed with them. This will also help you feed and care for these birds better, which will result in a higher quality end product.
The Business Plan
The next step is to compile a quail farming business plan. This step is essential, even if you are planning to start out small. It will help you determine all of the vital elements of the business and will assist with implementing the different steps in order to operate the business. You should include a series of vital elements in your business plan, such as:
- Where you will be operating the business from (home or leased premises)
- How you will gain the initial capital (savings, loan or investment from others)
- What breed of quails you will be specializing in
- What type of feed you will be using
- Whether or not you will require assistance from labor workers
- How you will market your business and the products you will be producing
Registration and Licensing
Once you have compiled a decent business plan, it is time to start implementing the next immediate steps for starting this business. This all starts with the registration and licensing of your business. This is not a requirement in some countries, but several developed countries will require that you acquire a license to start your quail bird farming operation. You will need to contact your local authorities to find out more about your country’s requirements.
After obtaining the adequate registrations and licensing certificates for your business, you should focus on the funding of the business. Starting out small should cost you less than $500, so if you do not have funding available you could try gaining an initial investment from a family member. A bank loan can also be in support. If you are starting out a larger-scale business, you might want to consider a business loan.
You will also need to decide on a location where you will be starting your quail farming business. This could be in your own backyard if you plan is to start-out at small scale. Be sure the location you choose have an adequate amount of space. You will also need space for cages. If you are planning on a medium or larger-scale business, you might want to consider leasing premises with an adequate amount of space.
Housing of Quails
For raising birds, you can choose either deep litter system or cage system. Initially you may raise quails in deep liters system as they need minimum floor space, so you can place 6 birds per sq ft for two weeks and later shift them in cage. Actually cage system is appropriate for rearing quails as they are easy to manage and there is a small chance of breaking out diseases. For the first 2 weeks, the cage needs to be 3×2.5×1.5 cubic ft in size. You can keep 100 birds in each cage. From 3 to 6 weeks, the cage measurement should be 4 ft long, 2.5 ft wide and 1.5 heights. This cage can accommodate 50 birds.
Before you can purchase livestock, you will need to determine what breed of quails you will be specializing in. Some startups choose to focus on a specific breed, while others prefer to focus on multiple breeds. This is an important decision that will affect the production and value of your business.
It is advised to opt for the Tuxedo, English white, British or Manchurian golden breeds of quail if your main focus will be on the eggs. For businesses that will focus more on the meat of quails, it is recommended to opt for a breed such as the white breasted Indian or bob white American.
After deciding which breed you will be focusing on (or multiple breeds you will be focusing on), you should gather information about suppliers. You should buy a couple of quails to start out – this will be the initial livestock and will increase in number as they start breeding.
You will also need to buy the feed material that are made of small particles of broken wheat, kipper fish, rice bran, sesame cake, broken oyster shell etc. Feed management is very important for quail farming; a well-balanced wholesome feed guarantees healthy and highly productive quail birds resulting in high ROI. The cost of feeding quails is usually low due to the fact that they do not consume as much food as several other poultry birds. These birds can be fed with the same feed used for turkeys and chicken, but in lower amounts. An adult quail of 6 months old daily consumes 30-35 grams of food.
Marketing of Your Quail Farming Business
The final step is to market and promote your quail farming business. This is an important step and will help you gain your first few clients. You will be able to promote both eggs and meat to customers, but can also choose to target just one of these. The breed of quail you are specializing in will also affect whether you specialize in eggs or meat.
Promoting your business can be done in several ways. You can start a website for your business, but should only consider this when your business is starting to grow. During the first few months, you should focus on promoting in your local area. This will provide you with more funds that can be used to expand your business. Start by printing out business cards and keeping them with you at all times. This is very convenient when you find someone who is interested in your business. You can also publish an advertisement in your local newspaper. Posters and flyers can also provide an effective method of marketing your business.
The quail farming industry is providing a lucrative business opportunity for individuals looking to breed and make money with poultry birds. Quail eggs provide an array of benefits when consumes and the meat is also a healthy alternative to several other types of meat. By starting a quail farming business, you will be able to get a higher return on your investment due to the low maintenance cost and labor requirements.